A possible course of the 70th Yearweek of Daniel 9
(Latest update 24-10-2019)
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Half ) Suggested
First of all, see Daniel 9:24-27, in order to get an idea of the great value of the so called Annual Weeks Prophecy. Below - incidentally, subject to a lot of reservations – we give the reader an idea how the course of the Last Week, the 70th, of that important prophecy could be.
It is therefore quite possible that the way in which the 70th Week will be manifested, as outlined below, will turn out wrong; yes, erroneous! The more so because YHWH Elohim himself told Daniel the following: And as for you, Daniel, make the words secret and seal the book until the time of [the] end. Many will go back and forth, and the [true] knowledge will become abundant.
Nevertheless, studying the arguments presented can provide the willing reader with food for thought and give him more insight into the biblical issues involved in such a study.
Based on the biblical chronology, this study assumes the following data:
The first man, Adam, was created in the year 4004/4003 before Chr., apparently in our autumn.
For that reason, the Anno Mundi time account (AM) runs from autumn to autumn. The year 4004/4003 BC. being therefore the first Anno Mundi year.
The above is (for the time being) an assumption. We have no absolute certainty about this.
From this Wikipedia article it can be concluded how complicated it is to compile a completely reliable Anno Muni calendar!
Further, on that basis the year 6023 AM corresponds to 2020/2021;
6024 AM to 2021/2022 AD;
6025 AM to 2022/2023 AD;
6026 AM to 2023/2024 AD;
6027 AM to 2024/2025 AD;
6028 AM to 2025/2026 AD;
6029 AM to 2026/2027 AD;
6030 AM to 2027/2028 AD.
And after him, Ibtsan from Beth-Lechem became Judge over Israel. And he had thirty sons and thirty daughters whom he married off. And he brought thirty daughters from outside for his sons. And he continued to judge Israel for seven years. Then Ibtsan died and was buried in Bethlehem.
The fact that Ibtsan acted as a Judge for Israel for 7 years suggests that this report alludes to the events during the 70th Yearweek for Israel.
The report about Ibtsan is very interesting.
Verse 9 << And he had thirty sons and thirty daughters whom he married off. And he brought thirty daughters from outside for his sons. And he continued to judge Israel for seven years >> has NV (numerical value) 6023; apparently pointing to 6023 AD, the year of the assumed start of the 70th Annual Week!
Suggested Start: 19 september 2020 ≈ 1 Tishri 6023 AM.
What happened then?
As is customary annually according to Leviticus 23: 23-25 the three so-called "Fall feasts" had their start, and the first of those three was Yom Teruah. That is the memorial of blowing of trumpets on the first day of the seventh month:
YHWH spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest to you, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.
At the time of Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks [Pentecost], the Springfeasts were closed (Lev 23:15-22). A (relatively) long period followed until the first Fall festival, which was mainly characterized by frequent blowing on the ram's horn, the shofar.
The antitypical fulfillment of the memorial of blowing of trumpets, which, in the first place, will be most important for YHWH Elohim's ancient Covenant people Israel, could also be of high significance for Yeshua’s Congregational Body. The rapture of that second congregation within Gods purpose, may then soon take place.
So not already on the first day of the 70th Annual Week! Why not?
Because the antitypical shofar blowing seems to include a period. Apparently it will be primarily intended to call on humble Jews to reflect, return and repent. To the extent that they have not yet done so, it will be of the utmost importance for them to repent of their stubborn resistance to and unbelief in their true Mashiach, Yeshua, God's own Son.
Nevertheless, the Christian Congregation also comes into the picture with the shofar blowing on 1 Tishri, based on 1 Corinthians 15:51 - 53 >>
Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, during the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we will be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
The blowing of the last trumpet is an eschatological signal and marks the point in time when the Lord [Jesus] himself descends from heaven to initiate the decisive End-time events.
In 1Thess 4:15-17 the same event, known as the Rapture of the Church, is announced in the following terms:
For this is what we tell you by a word of the Lord, that we the living who survive to the presence of the Lord will in no way precede those who have fallen asleep. Because the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a commanding call, with an archangel’s voice and with God’s trumpet, and those who are dead in Mashiach will rise first. Thereafter we, the living who survive, will together with them, be caught away in clouds to meet the Lord in the air; and thus we will always be with the Lord. So keep comforting one another with these words.
The signal also introduces the manifestation of God in which he will make himself known in a decisive way to a totally alienated human world that is very busy in reaching its climax of wickedness.
For the interested reader we provide below the gematria results of Lev 23:23-25 >>
Total gematria value >> 8205
It is quite remarkable that this value corresponds to that of 2 Thess 2, verse 6 >>
And now you know what [him – the man of lawlessness; the antichristian figure of the Eind time -] is acting as a restraint, so that he will be revealed in his own due time.
The appearance of that mysterious figure on the religious world scene of the End Time is after all related to the Rapture of Yeshua’s Congregational Body, since what was acting as a restraint – God’s holy spirit - is then removed!
Incidentally, it is significant that, as far as the Jews are concerned, there is a haze of mystery around that first "fall feast" - a memorial signaled by a trumpet blast! Not only because this "feast" is only mentioned in this Bible passage - which is already exceptional in itself - but also because it does not state at all for what purpose that anniversary was to be maintained annually by Israel! In retrospect it may be understandable if it was YHWH Elohim’s purpose that the "feast" should point forward to the last trumpet call for the calling together of the two Congregations in his purpose: The heavenly Christian-, and the earthly Jewish Congregation.
To us it seems that the last trumpet certainly also refers to Numbers, chapter 10, where Moses was commanded:
The total number value is 7944; but in this passage we are particularly concerned with verse 3, the occasion where the entire Congregation was summoned to meet at the entrance of the Tabernacle, or the Tent, in Revelation 21 in the antiypical meaning the temple city of New Jerusalem.
1Cor 15:52 has, very strikingly, the number value 7943; so only 1 less than Num 10:1-3 >>
However, let’s go back to 1 Tishri, and the first ‘Fall feast’, Yom Teruah.
That memorial of blowing of trumpets, was traditionally a prelude to the other two "Fall feast"; first the Day of Atonement, at 10 Tishri, and then, five days later, from 15 Tishri, the seven-day Feast of Tabernacles.
In connection with the Rapture of the heavenly Christian Congregation, it seems important to us that the reader realizes - and perhaps for the first time - that the One Corinthians Letter is part of the so-called Second Spoke of the Bible Wheel >>
Book 2 Exodus; Book 24 Jeremiah; and Book 46 One Corinthians, in which we find, in 1Cor 15:52, the prophetic announcement that the Church will be raised (literally) in the final trumpet. So sometime during that End Time blast of the ‘trumpet’.
Then the question arises >> Exactly when?
In an effort to answer that last question we arrive at Spoke 3 of the Bible Wheel >>
Book 3 Leviticus; Book 25 Lamentations; and Book 47 Two Corinth.
Well, in chapter 5 of the Second Corinthians letter, the apostle again announces the Rapture.
And this is how >>
1 For we know that if our earthly tent dwelling should be dissolved, we are to have a building from God, a not hand-made, eternal dwelling in the heavens.
10 For we must all be made manifest before the judgment seat of the Messiah, so that each one may carry away for himself the things which he practiced while in the body, whether good or despicable.
However, what is so special about Chapter
Answer >> The explicit elaboration by the apostle on the doctrine of reconciliation >>
18 But all things are from God, who reconciled us to himself through Messiah and gave us the ministry of the reconciliation,
19 namely, that God was by means of Messiah reconciling a world to himself, not counting their offenses against them, and he entrusted to us the message of the reconciliation.
20 Therefore, we are ambassadors substituting for Messiah, as though God were making an appeal through us. As substitutes for Messiah, we beg: Become reconciled to God.
If we now also relate this Scripture to the doctrine of the ‘Fall feasts’, then – while listening to the sound of the Last Trumpet - we inevitably end up with 10 Tishri and Yom Kippur in the first place, traditionally the most important Jewish ‘feast’, the Day of Atonement. And that of course not by chance! Because in the first Book of Spoke 3, Leviticus, both in chapter 16, and in chapter 23, are extensively elaborated on the specifics of Yom Kippur.
However, there is still a third ‘Fall feast’, which is known as the Feast of Tabernacles.
And that brings us to Spoke 4 of the Bible Wheel >>
Book 4 Numbers; book 26 Ezekiel, and book 48 Galatians.
Well, in the book of Numbers, we are prophetically going a step further in God's time of salvation >> the Millennium kingdom of the Mashiach.
Think especially of Numbers 35, in which - from verse 6 - is explained in detail the typology according to the Mosaic law with regard to the unintentional manslayer. A provision whose great value will become clear during the Millennium. See >> The City of Refuge in antitype.
John 7 tells how Mashiach Yeshua taught the people during his last Feast of Booths in 32 AD >>
It would certainly not surprise us if the trumpet sound on 1 Tishri will trigger various other things.
The direct consequence could be that the Little Horn - in reality a demonic power which is prophetically announced in the chapters 7 and 8 of the Bible book of Daniel - will receive the opportunity to appear on the religious scene of the world.
However, according to 1 Thessalonians 4 - and certainly according to 2 Thessalonians 2 – together with the rapture of the Church, also God's spirit will be (temporarily) removed from the earth. The obstacle to the appearance of that demonic power therefore seems then to have disappeared. We read:
He who resists and exalts himself above all that is called god or object of worship, so that he sits down in the temple sanctuary of God, showing himself that he is divine ... And now you know what is restraining [apparently God's spirit], so that he may be revealed at his own time. For the mystery of lawlessness is already working; only there is one who restrains now, until he is taken out of the way.
From Daniel 9:27 we also know that the Antichristian End-Time Force will then immediately attempt to flatter the unbelieving Jewish majority - those who stubbornly do not want to know anything about Yeshua as the true Messiah. How?
By making every effort to revive the sacrificial service according to the Mosaic Law.
After all, verse 27 of Dn 9 starts thus: And to many he will add power to a Covenant one seven.
So apparently for the full 70th Week! But in reality that won't happen. Why not?
First of all because in the same verse (27) it is revealed to us in advance that he will break his promise to Israel already at the Week’s Half: And at the half of the seven he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease.
However, that is not the only factor that causes the old Mosaic offering service not to be put into practice for the entire week! For pleasing the Jews favorably and getting them by his side so that they fully accept him as their true Messiah, some time is needed. Apparently the first 110 days of the Year Week. Why?
According to Daniel, chapter 8, the 1150 days, in which that tamid will be current, will come to an end on the Half of the Week, thus probably within the sacrificial service of the then (re) established (Third) Jewish temple.
But what exactly is going on with that tamid ?
From Daniel 8:12 we learn what will be the consequences of the appearance of the Hellenistic Little Horn, alias the End-Time Antichrist, especially in the appearance of the False Prophet of Rev. 13:11-13 .
That Little Horn will exalt itself extremely, and on the Half of the Week he will take the tamid away, 2300 evening mornings - corresponding to 1150 days – after that offer service had just started again. Apparently in the Third Temple and furthermore promoted by that Antichristian End-Time Force.
What is the explanation for this? Why will the sacrificial service be interrupted after 1150 days? All of this undoubtedly has to do with the fact that - according to Revelation 12 - the Davidic Messiah kingdom is founded at the Half of the Week and Satan – together with his crowd of demons - is hurled down to the earth as a result of a heavenly warfare; thus permanently removed from the holy spheres of heaven!
From the next chapter (13) of the Revelation it becomes clear that the Dragon (Satan, the Devil) in his great wrath will nevertheless take further action to deceive the Gentile nations. How?
Yeshua himself already indicated this in his End-Time sermon: Satan will then - apparently in the rebuilt Third Temple - 'erect' the abomination of desolation.
Hence the 1150 days [or 2300 evenings-mornings ]: 1260 minus the 110 days!
The 2300 evening mornings then start on January 7, 2021 AD [22 Tebeth 6023 AM].
Of course, those 1150 days end at the Half of the Week; that will be on March 20, 2024 AD [10 Ve-Adar 6026 AM].
The Second Half of the week therefore commences on March 21, 2024 AD [11 Ve-Adar 6026 AM].
Especially in Daniel 8 we are extensively informed about this remarkable state of affairs.
It is also worth noting that the NV (numerical value) of the three verses in Daniel 8:23-25 together is 11146 (3140 + 3699 + 4307).
The NV 11146 is also found in the Greek part of the Bible, especially in Revelation 7:6 >> Of the tribe of Asher 12000, of the tribe of Naphtali 12000, of the tribe of Manasseh 12000.
Why is that of impotance?
Because the symbolic 144000, or 12 x 12000 Israelites, who are sealed with the protective seal of God's spirit according to Rev 7:1-8 , are identical to the Great Crowd which is prophetically presented in the second part of the chapter (7:9-17).
And about them, the members of that Great Crowd, we are then prophetically informed that from Mid-week they will perform sacred service day and night in God’s Sanctuary (Greek naos); apparently to fulfill Mt 24:14, namely the worldwide announcement that the Davidic kingdom has come into effect.
And it was precisely for that reason that the (Jewish) members of that Great Crowd had to be sealed with God's spirit. And that is exactly what is prophetically announced in the First part of chapter 7 (1 to 8): Do not harm the earth nor the sea nor the trees until we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads.
But even though we are fairly extensively informed about the prophetic 1150 days, we still have to wait and see how things will occur in due course. We only get real clarity when it is actually fulfilled.
From other Scripture parts we learn that
• during the dominant leadership of the yet coming Antichristian power, the Pseudomashiach - to whom the majority of the End-time Jews will give their devotion - a Third Temple will still be erected;
• in that Third Temple the Jewish worship will initially be resumed according to Mosaic law;
• at the half of the Year Week that unlawful sacrificial cult will be taken away and instead the abomination of desolation will manifest itself as 'god' in that 'sanctuary', so that one can worship 'god' directly.
Due to all these developments, the calamities announced for the 70th Week will of course increase considerably, entirely in accordance with what was prophetically announced by Daniel in Dan 9:27 as part of the so-called Seventy weeks prophecy:
And to many he will assert force a covenant one seven.
And at the half of the seven he will cause to cease sacrifice and gift offering.
And on wing of abominations a destroyer, and until consummation that
what is decided will be poured upon the destroyer.
In his End-Time Speech, Messiah Yeshua himself also referred to that still prophetic event, thus underlining the danger of it. Referring to Dan 9:27, he added some more details:
When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place - let the reader understand - then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains (Matth 24:15-16).
However, we also know from Scripture that the abomination of desolation will manifest itself as 'god', so that one can worship 'god' directly.
But ... there will be much more going on:
The Davidic kingdom will also be established at the half of that last decisive Yearweek, with Yeshua Mashiach on the throne (Psalm 2).
Revelation 11:15-17 informs us in advance:
The seventh angel sounded, and great voices in heaven followed, saying, The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord, and of his Mashiach. He will reign forever and ever!
The twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God’s throne, fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying: We give you thanks, Lord God, the Almighty, the one who is and who was; because you have taken your great power, and reigned.
The prophecy of Zechariah 9 will also be fulfilled at the time of that glorious event >>
Here too, the gematria value is of interest again, >> 3908 + 4833 + 5686 = 14427 ≈≈ Lk 12:46 >>
[But if that servant says in his heart, ‘My lord delays his coming,’ and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken] then the lord of that servant will come in a day when he isn’t expecting him, and in an hour that he doesn’t know, and will cut him in two, and place his portion with the unfaithful.
Both the Zechariah fragment and Luke 12 are clearly End-time oriented.
This means, among other things, that the event on Palm Sunday 33 AD was a preview. The actual fulfillment comes at at the half of the 70th Week, thus ending the Seven Times of (7 x 600) 4200 years that (apparently) had begun in 1826 AM - at the Speech Confusion.
However, the establishment of that Messianic Empire will also give rise to:
* warfare in heaven, as a result of which Satan and his angels will be hurled down to earth.
At the Half of the Week, however, not only the Kingdom will be established, but also the Marriage Covenant with Israel will be renewed. In the Song of songs (Sol 6:3) that renewal is beautifully expressed by the Bride (Israel): I am my beloved’s, and my beloved is mine. He browses among the lilies.
And that in contrast to Sol 2:16, where intimacy is rather an initiative of the Bridegroom, according to the context Sol 2:10-14. See chapter 2.
YHWH Elohim renews his relationship with the people on the basis of the superior conditions of the New Covenant. He leaves behind their error and sin; he no longer remembers that. On the contrary, he favors them with unprecedented new opportunities; according to Jr 31:31-34 >>
Look! There are days coming, assurance of YHWH, and I will conclude with the House of Israel and with the House of Judah a new covenant; not one like the covenant that I have concluded with their forefathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant which they broke, and I had them as a husband. But this is the covenant that I will make with the House of Israel after those days, says YHWH, I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people; and they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying: Know YHWH; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says YHWH. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.
That date, of course, is reached by simply counting 1260 days from the Half of the Week.
● The Great Crowd, announced in Rev 7:9-17, coming forth out of that Great Tribulation, is seen serving God in his temple sanctuary:
And one of the elders answered, saying to me: Those who are clothed in white robes, who are they, and where did they come from?
And I said to him: My Lord, you know it.
And he said to me: These are they that come out of the Great Tribulation, and they washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. That is why they are before the throne of God and perform sacred service for him day and night in his temple sanctuary. He who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them. They will no more be hungry, neither thirsty any more; neither will the sun beat on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them, and lead them to fountains of waters of life. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.
Incidentally, the service by that Great Crowd had already begun earlier, namely from the Half of the 70th Week when the Messianic kingdom was established. As we stated above - in the commentary on the Half of the Year Week - that Jewish Remnant will then fulfill Mt 24:14, as Jesus himself announced in his End-Time Speech (Mt 24:14).
Further, the words day and night, spoken by one of the Elders, reminds the reader of Daniel, chapter 8.
Plus 30 days, after the end of the 70th Week: October 1, 2027 ≈ 29 Elul 6030 AM.
Plus 45 days; ending on
God's Word further indicates that during the 75 days that must follow after the End of the Week, a number of very important events will take place. First of all, we think of what, according to Yeshua, will occur - in the form of judgment - immediately after the end of the 3½-year Great Tribulation:
Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will strike themselves, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and much glory.
All this is based on Daniel 12, where we prophetically are informed about the happiness that the Jewish End-time believers will expierence; those who faithfully persevere and reach the 1335 days. Prophetically indicating what would happen from the Middle of Week, so after the first 1260 days, the revelation angel spoke to Daniel the following:
And from the time that the daily [sacrifice] is taken away and is set up the abomination of desolation [there shall be] 1290 days. Blessed he who waits and comes to 1335 days! But you [Daniel] go until the end. For you shall rest and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.
Two things here come to our attention:
First, the hopeful perspectives for Daniel personally. He would fully complete his career as God's prophet in faithfulness. He would then "rest" in death until the time for him that the resurrection dawned. But also afterwards YHWH Elohim would use Daniel again, serving within a destination reserved for him in advance!
Of course, that divine promise does not apply to Daniel alone, but also to the many other faithful men and women of earlier times, just as we are assured in Heb 11:39-40 >> And yet all of these, although they received a favorable witness because of their faith, did not obtain the fulfillment of the promise, because God had foreseen something better for us, so that they might not be made perfect apart from us.
And secondly, to us, the current readers of these final verses in the Book of Daniel, is revealed that the end of the mentioned prophetic 1335 days will be reached precisely then. Probably at the time of the resurrection of those former faithful ones! But that expectation can logically only be related to the perspectives that in the Bible are announced in conjunction with the restored Davidic kingdom of a thousand years!
Somewhere in the course of the Second Weekhalf we expect the fulfillment of Ezekiel, chapter 8.
On the fifth day of the sixth month ( Elul ) in a vision the prophet was transferred to Jerusalem. He himself told about it >> A spirit led me between the earth and heaven and brought me to Jerusalem in the visions of God, to the entrance of the inner gate that faces the North, where is the location of the symbol of jealousy that arouses to jealousy.
Then he gets a look in advance at the (apparently) Third Temple Sanctuary. And what he sees: pure idolatry!
It would not surprise us that we may expect the essence of that vision by the end of the 70th Annual Week, but indeed on the 5th of Elul. So perhaps on August 18th, 2026.
A question that remains and is particularly fascinating is >>
At what time do the aforementioned 1335 days end?
Above we already indicated the date November 15, 2027 AD. Then a total of 2595 days will then have passed. But what is that assumption based on?
Answer: Concerning the 2595 days, Ezekiel 44:20 seems to be giving us a handle. Because there the sons of Zadok are mentioned favorably. Apparently also the reason why they will serve as the heavenly priesthood in the visionary temple of the future. In that text they are further described as the Levitical priests, the sons of Zadok.
Within the context of Ezekiel 44 we read >>
And as for the Levitical priests, the sons of Zadok, who observed the duty toward my sanctuary when the sons of Israel wandered away from me, they will approach me to minister to me … They are the ones that will come into my sanctuary ... (20) And they should not shave their head, and they should not wear loose their hair. They should by all means clip their heads.
The NV (gematria or numerical value) of verse 20 is 2595, and perhaps we may consider that as a clue that leads to the 2595 days. The additional reason we believe we have for that assumption is the date that is linked to Ezekiel's vision of the future temple, viz. 10 Tishri. This is evident from Ez 40: 1-2 >>
In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city had been struck down, on this same day YHWH's hand proved to be upon me, so that he brought me to that place. In the visions of God he brought me to the land of Israel and finally set me down upon a very high mountain, on which there was something like the structure of a city to the south.
That which resembled the structure of a city appears to give us an idea of the Temple City of New Jerusalem in advance, as described in Revelation 21, but from an Israeli perspective!
In Leviticus 25:8-9 we read about God's assignment that his people Israel should view every 50th year as a very special year >>
You shall count off seven Sabbaths of years, seven times seven years; and there shall be to you the days of seven Sabbaths of years, even forty-nine years. Then you shall sound the loud trumpet [shofar] on the tenth day of the seventh month. On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet [shofar] throughout all your land (Lv 25:8-9).
Gematria value 14195 ≈≈ Acts 17:26 >>
He made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the surface of the earth, having determined appointed seasons, and the boundaries of their dwellings, (27) that they should seek the Lord, if perhaps they might reach out for him and find him, though he is not far from each one of us.
GV 9328 ≈≈ Luke 20:37 >> But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
Because traditionally in Israel the feast of trumpets is mainly seen as a prelude to Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, we provide below the numerical value results about Yom Kippur as found in Leviticus 16 and 23 respectively >>
NV 14823 ≈≈ 2Tim 4:18 >> And the Lord will deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me for his heavenly Kingdom; to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
NV 9019 ≈≈ Luke 9:8 >> And by some [is said] that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again.
NV 9804 ≈≈ Hebrews 12:16 >> Lest there be any sexually immoral person, or profane person, as Esau, who sold his birthright for one meal.
And also Hebrews 13:24 >> Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. The Italians greet you.
NV 14466 >> Ephesians 1:17 >> that the God of our Lord Yeshua Mesiah, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him.
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